• Batteries
  • Critical minerals
  • Life cycle assessment (LCA)
  • Public policy
  • Supply chain
Amount granted


As the electrification of devices intensifies, the cumulative global manufacturing of lithium ion (Li-ion) battery cells could increase by fivefold by 2030. At the end of their service life, the batteries may be recovered or become toxic waste. North America therefore has a unique opportunity to secure and build a resilient supply chain based on circular principles. The region has the potential to play a leadership role in the extraction, manufacturing and recovery of critical minerals for Li-ion batteries, including rare minerals and those in short supply (e.g., lithium).

As the geopolitics of Li-ion batteries emerge, the project aims to determine a strategic plan for a regional supply system based on the circular economy. More specifically, it seeks to:

  1. Estimate the strengths, opportunities, vulnerabilities and risks of the current Li-ion battery supply chain in North America and among its international suppliers.
  2. Conceptualize and map the regional Li-ion battery infrastructure.
  3. Model the impact of implementing circular strategies.
  4. Identify investment opportunities.

Affiliated research axes

Axis 2: Planning Optimization

2.3 – Establish and maintain local, national and international circularity inventories
2.4 – Plan and optimize the production of products and delivery of services in the context of the circular economy

Axis 3: Resource and Product Maximization

3.1 – Map the knowledge and potential of product circularization
3.3 – Identify models for product circularization strategies

Axis 4: Policy levers

4.2 – Foster effective circular economy governance


Irune Echevarria

Étudiante Polytechnique Montréal
The RRECQ is supported by the Fonds de recherche du Québec.
Fonds de recherche - Québec