- Life cycle assessment (LCA)
While there is a myriad of ecolabels, most in the tourism sector lack rigor, transparency and standardization. This project therefore aims to study how modularity and eco-efficiency can contribute to the development of measurable ecolabels and circular tourism.
Firstly, the research will operationalize a multidimensional conceptual model using scientific assessment tools to identify opportunities for source reduction as a circular strategy. The concept of modularity seeks to break down complex systems into modules to provide a framework to assess their composition and interdependencies. The approach will support a performance analysis of the tourism system in all its complexity. A case study of a Québec outfitter will make it possible to apply the model and characterize activities to collect primary and secondary data to explore eco-efficient alternatives.
Secondly, the project will develop eco-efficiency indicators based on the principles of modularity by assimilating the carrying capacities in tourism. Following a literature review of load capacities, multicriteria analysis will be used to evaluate the impacts of the scenarios.
Finally, the third objective is to create a framework and guide to implement a type III ecolabel in the tourism sector.
Affiliated research axes
Axis 2: Planning Optimization2.1 – Support the development and use of tools to analyze and monitor the circular economy
2.2 – Develop indicators to measure circularity
2.4 – Plan and optimize the production of products and delivery of services in the context of the circular economy