Fast fashion: destruction of unsold items and public

Description

The proposal takes a broad look at the phenomenon of fast fashion (FF) and, more specifically, at the destruction of unsold inventory by retailers. It considers the upstream decisions that are responsible for the harmful practices and the lack of circular end-of-life options for unsold goods. The theoretical model that is developed will explore how public policy influences the environmental impact of FF.

The project is in follow-up to the confirmation of the linearity of the apparel sector and additional burden created by FF and reinforces the need to develop a model of mechanisms and incentives that can have a positive impact on decision-making by retailers with respect to their unsold inventories.

Themes

  • Circular economy
  • Consumer awareness
  • Consumer behavior
  • Sustainable consumption
  • Sustainable consumption and supply
  • Textile circularity

Affiliated research axes

Axis 1: Change and Transition Management

Axis 2: Planning Optimization

Axis 3: Resource and Product Maximization

Axis 4: Policy levers

Amount granted

$15,000
Involving consumers in the circular economy of plastics

Description

This action research study is led in partnership with the consulting firm 5REDO, which has already created an in-house capacity to facilitate decision making and the assessment and analysis of scenarios with respect to mechanical and chemical recycling technologies, as well as the use of more sustainable plastic materials. But that capacity does not consider how consumers could contribute to recycling efforts.

The main objective of the partnership is to expand 5REDO’s capacity to consider and leverage consumer behaviours when developing circular solutions for plastic. The project will complement and broaden 5REDO’s expertise in the area through three key objectives:

  1. Provide a comprehensive overview of how consumer engagement can be leveraged to accelerate the transition to a circular economy for plastics.
  2. Estimate the influence of internal and external consumer factors and their interactions to assess how consumers could be involved in initiatives to improve the end-of-life management of plastics.
  3. Prospectively assess plastics flows in Canada to 2030 through different scenarios based on the influence of consumer behaviours and specific consumer engagement initiatives.

Themes

  • Circular economy
  • Consumer behavior
  • Factors
  • Implication
  • Plastic
  • Recycling
  • Scenarios
  • Waste management

Affiliated research axes

Axis 1: Change and Transition Management

Collaborators

Mahdi Takaffoli

5REDO

Ophela Zhang

5REDO
Co-construction of a local understanding of the circular economy: vision, assessment and governance in Victoriaville

Description

The project examines the CE vision, governance and practices at a municipal level.

It focuses on three key CE sectors: food, energy (including transportation) and waste (Keblowski et al 2020). Two key research issues are raised:

  1. How do stakeholders understand CE as a concept and what is their understanding of CE practices and assessment in a city and region like Victoriaville?
  2. How is CE governed and practiced by different political and social stakeholders?

The questions will be explored from the perspectives of the concepts of the socio-technological vision and the governance of the socioecological transition.

Themes

  • Circular economy
  • Energy policy
  • Governance
  • Residual materials
  • Transition
  • Transport

Affiliated research axes

Axis 1: Change and Transition Management

Axis 2: Planning Optimization

Axis 3: Resource and Product Maximization

Axis 4: Policy levers

Collaborators

Maëva Botrel

Cité de l'innovation circulaire

Valérie Lacombe

UQAM

Fabien Kerambrun

UQAM

Amount granted

$15,000
Characterization of circular economy jobs and their quality in Québec’s social economy enterprises (SEEs)

Description

The growing interest in the circular economy (CE) as a response to the requirements of sustainable development raises many questions about the transformations CE will bring about, particularly in the labour market.

The research therefore aims to describe, categorize and assess the quality of core circular jobs in SEEs.

There are two types of circular jobs: core jobs and enabling jobs. This study focuses on core jobs, which sustain material loops and constitute the pillars of the CE. It is essential to understand their characteristics and ensure their quality upstream of eventual mutations. For that reason, the research will also consider the social and solidarity economy, which brings together organizations and businesses whose objective is to promote social well-being.

Themes

  • Change
  • Circular economy
  • Circular employment
  • Quality employment
  • Social and solidarity economy
  • Sustainable development

Affiliated research axes

Axis 1: Change and Transition Management

Axis 4: Policy levers

Collaborators

Clara Alagy

Polytechnique Montréal

Gaëlle Généreux

TIESS

Amount granted

$15,000
Democratic and participatory governance models in social economy and sustainability in circular economy

Description

The project aims to identify and acknowledge the democratic and participatory governance models and mechanisms of social economy enterprises (SEEs) that are conducive to sustainability in a circular economy.

Very few empirical studies have focused on the contributions, conditions and modalities of democratic, participatory and inclusive governance as a lever for the implementation of circular systems. Yet, the research conducted over the past few years by Territoires innnovants en économie sociale et solidaire (TIESS) on circular business models in a social economy has increasingly emphasized the need to better understand the democratic and participatory governance models that are at work.

The project is part of an initiative led by TIESS for the past five years and aims to position and deploy the social economy as a partner in a sustainable circular economy. The four team members are also contributing to an international research network on the social economy and circular economy that is currently under development at the initiative of two of the team’s researchers.

Themes

  • Action research
  • Circular economy
  • Democratic governance model
  • Participation
  • Social economy

Affiliated research axes

Axis 1: Change and Transition Management

Collaborators

Amélie Artis

SciencesPo Grenoble

Justine Ballon

HEC Montréal

Amount granted

$15,000
Results of a Canada-wide study on zero waste transformed into art and impacts on environmentally responsible behaviours

Description

In Canada in 2016, only 9% of plastic was recycled, with packaging accounting for 47% of all plastic waste. There are several reasons why, including the operational limitations of facilities and recycling that requires selective separation and uncontaminated containers. In an effort to address the issue, the project aims to lead a pan-Canadian study on the levers of change for a transition to a zero-waste product offering.

The project’s innovation lies in its knowledge mobilization method, which raises awareness through art. Ten artists (writers, musicians, painters, etc.) will analyze the qualitative and quantitative data from the research and provide their interpretations in plain language. This co-creation approach cannot be categorized, since the results extend beyond standard environmental science theories. It is inspired by assumptions in art-based methodologies, sociological art and ecological art involving social interventions that actively engage communities.

The works will be presented in public spaces to provide avenues for understanding and discussion on ecology for audiences who are less familiar with the scientific and artistic communities.

Themes

  • Art-based methodologies
  • Change management
  • Circular economy
  • Environmentally responsible behaviours
  • Research-creation
  • Zero waste

Affiliated research axes

Axis 1: Change and Transition Management

Axis 4: Policy levers

Collaborators

Valérie Demers

Chargée de projet RRECQ

Amount granted

$15,000
Avenues to advance a regional circular strategy for the lithium ion battery supply chain in North America

Description

As the electrification of devices intensifies, the cumulative global manufacturing of lithium ion (Li-ion) battery cells could increase by fivefold by 2030. At the end of their service life, the batteries may be recovered or become toxic waste. North America therefore has a unique opportunity to secure and build a resilient supply chain based on circular principles. The region has the potential to play a leadership role in the extraction, manufacturing and recovery of critical minerals for Li-ion batteries, including rare minerals and those in short supply (e.g., lithium).

As the geopolitics of Li-ion batteries emerge, the project aims to determine a strategic plan for a regional supply system based on the circular economy. More specifically, it seeks to:

  1. Estimate the strengths, opportunities, vulnerabilities and risks of the current Li-ion battery supply chain in North America and among its international suppliers.
  2. Conceptualize and map the regional Li-ion battery infrastructure.
  3. Model the impact of implementing circular strategies.
  4. Identify investment opportunities.

Themes

  • Circular economy
  • Critical minerals
  • Life cycle analysis
  • Lithium ion batteries
  • North America
  • Public policy
  • Supply chain security

Affiliated research axes

Axis 2: Planning Optimization

Axis 3: Resource and Product Maximization

Axis 4: Policy levers

Collaborators

Irune Echevarria

Étudiante Polytechnique Montréal

Amount granted

$15,000
A modular ecolabel for eco-efficient and circular tourism: the case of an outfitter in Québec

Description

While there is a myriad of ecolabels, most in the tourism sector lack rigor, transparency and standardization. This project therefore aims to study how modularity and eco-efficiency can contribute to the development of measurable ecolabels and circular tourism.

Firstly, the research will operationalize a multidimensional conceptual model using scientific assessment tools to identify opportunities for source reduction as a circular strategy. The concept of modularity seeks to break down complex systems into modules to provide a framework to assess their composition and interdependencies. The approach will support a performance analysis of the tourism system in all its complexity. A case study of a Québec outfitter will make it possible to apply the model and characterize activities to collect primary and secondary data to explore eco-efficient alternatives.

Secondly, the project will develop eco-efficiency indicators based on the principles of modularity by assimilating the carrying capacities in tourism. Following a literature review of load capacities, multicriteria analysis will be used to evaluate the impacts of the scenarios.

Finally, the third objective is to create a framework and guide to implement a type III ecolabel in the tourism sector.  

Themes

  • Circular economy
  • Eco-efficiency
  • Ecolabel
  • Life cycle analysis
  • Tourism

Affiliated research axes

Axis 2: Planning Optimization

Axis 3: Resource and Product Maximization

Collaborators

Max Duval

Pourvoirie L'Aventurier du Gouin

Sarah Teigeiro

Doctorante Polytechnique Montréal

Amount granted

$15,000
The RRECQ is supported by the Fonds de recherche du Québec.
Fonds de recherche - Québec