Membership Category

  • Regular


  • École Nationale d'Administration Publique - ENAP


  • Political Science
  • Urban Studies


  • Land use planning
  • Municipal policy
  • Environmental policies
  • Collaborative governance
  • Environmental justice
  • Public policy instruments


Fanny Tremblay-Racicot is Assistant Professor of Municipal and Regional Administration at the École nationale d'administration publique (ENAP) and Associate Director of the Centre de recherche sur la gouvernance (CERGO). Her research program focuses on institutional reforms, public policy instruments and management strategies for achieving sustainable urban development objectives.

Affiliated research axes

Change and Transition Management

Planning Optimization

Resource and Product Maximization

Policy levers

Projects funded by the RRECQ

Circular cities and regions in Canada: exploratory analysis of policy instruments and territorial and political-administrative conditions inherent in various circularity strategies


This project is led within the context of the latest report by the Bureau d’audiences publiques sur l’environnement, entitled L’état des lieux et la gestion des résidus ultimes, which identifies circular economy as the first strategy to implement to reduce ultimate waste in Québec.

Based on an approach rooted in urban geography and political science, it aims to develop operationalizable tools for the design and implementation of area circular economy initiatives by local and regional governments. With these tools, cities will not only be able to identify optimal areas of excellence adapted to their particular territorial contexts but also target public interventions (e.g., zoning) to create conditions conducive to the circularity initiatives they seek to set in motion.

The project explores the key question of the processes, policies and instruments that could enable cities and regions to design and deploy circular economy policies tailored to their spatial and socio-economic contexts.


  • Governance
  • Public policy
  • Territory
Synthesis of knowledge on urban metabolism and urban experimentation approaches for the territorial expansion of the circular economy


Owing to their demographic weight, potential for action and concentration of infrastructures, activities and stakeholders, cities constitute strategic arenas for the transition to the circular economy (CE). However, the expansion of CE on an urban scale requires the transformation of the means of collective action.

First, there must be a new reading of the territory to quantify and characterize the resource flows within it. With that in mind, urban metabolism (UM) provides conceptual and methodological tools for territorial diagnosis and strategic design.

Second, governance approaches are required to stimulate circular innovations that may serve as transitional trajectories. In this context, urban experimentation derived from transition management constitutes a tool to mobilize stakeholders, innovation and systemic change.

Based on a review of scientific and grey literature and interviews, the synthesis of knowledge involves three components:

  1. Identify urban collective actions (policies, urban projects, etc.) in CE that mobilize UM in North America and Europe.
  2. Identify strategies to scale up urban experiments in CE.
  3. Categorize the characteristics and impacts of a crossover between UM and experimentation to implement urban CE strategies.


  • Change management
  • Social innovation and transformation
  • Territory
  • Urban experimentation
  • Urban metabolism
The RRECQ is supported by the Fonds de recherche du Québec.
Fonds de recherche - Québec